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The History of Hong Kong IV:Demographic Changes in Hong Kong

After the end of the Sino-Japanese War, there was the outbreak of the Chinese Civil War. Flocks of Kuomintang soldiers stayed in Hong Kong. They first resided temporarily in Mount Davis and then moved to Tiu Keng Leng. After a generation of people, a new generation has assimilated into the city and become Hong Kong people.

During 1950’s to 1960’s, also known as the period shortly after the founding of New China, large numbers of Mainland people migrated to Hong Kong due to different reasons. Some of them came by land and some by sea. Encountering different difficulties, the majority of them successfully arrived in Hong Kong. With perseverance, they stayed in Hong Kong to make a living, and laid a stable foundation for the city’s economic development in future.

Among these Mainland Chinese people who took refuge in Hong Kong, a lot of them joined the clansmen associations of their own provinces and municipalities. These associations, which were with Mainland culture, witnessed the inseparable relation between the experience of different generations of Hong Kong people and the development of the Mainland. With the end of an era, functions of the clansmen associations altered, while the term “旅港” (sojourn) has gradually disappeared on their signboards, and local features have also been added to the work of these associations bit by bit.
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