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The History of Hong Kong IV:Education for All

Education in Hong Kong went through the transition from elite education to universal education for a few decades during the post-war period.

With the massive inflow of population from Mainland China, the Government progressively implemented an expansion programme on primary and secondary schools from the 1950’s to cope with the surging population. However, the number of government and grant schools subsidised by the Government was far behind to catch up with the rate of population growth. A large number of private schools played an exceptionally important role during that period to cope with the pressing issue of severe shortage of school places. Subsequently, the six-year free primary education policy and three-year free junior secondary education policy were implemented in the early 1970’s and late 1970’s respectively. The blueprint for basic education in Hong Kong was established back then.

Blend of east and west and diversity have always been the characteristics of Hong Kong. Thus school sponsoring bodies with different religious or political beliefs co-exist, while traditional leftist or patriotic schools have become a unique component in the education system of Hong Kong.
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